Romania

Parliamentary Elections

Electoral system

Latest election

Election results 2008, main parties. NUTS 2.

On 30 November 2008 Romania organized its first parliamentary elections after its accession to the European Union. It was also the first time when parliamentary and presidential elections were not held simultaneously and the proportional representation on party lists system was replaced by a single-member-majority system. Five political parties gained parliamentary representation: the Social Democrats (PSD), the Conservatives (PC), the Democrat-Liberals (PD-L), the Liberals (PNL) and the Democratic Union of Magyars (UDMR). In addition, 18 seats were distributed among ethnic minorities parties. Because of the electoral changes, it was the first time that the ranking of parties in terms of their votes differed from their ranking in terms of seats. The Democrat-Liberals, who came second in terms of vote share (32.4 % and 115 seats), won more seats than the coalition winning the most votes (the Social Democrats and the Conservatives: 33.1 percent and 114 seats).

On 22 December 2008 the new PD-L–PSD grand coalition government was invested, headed by Prime Minister Emil Boc (PD-L).

Sources

Parliament of Romania, website: Chamber of Deputies

Inter-Parliamentary Union, PARLINE database on national parliaments

Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA): country descriptions.

Downs, W. M. 2009. The 2008 parliamentary election in Romania. Electoral Studies, Vol. 28(3), 510-513.

Stan, L. & Zaharia, R. 2009. Romania. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 48(7-8), 1087-1099.