Portugal - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 91 95 99 02 05 09 Average
PPD/PSD Social Democratic -8.8 -4.2 0.8 1.2 2 6.5 -0.4
PS Social Democratic -11.8 -16.7 -17.7 -9.9 -10.6 -4.5 -11.9
CDS/PP Christian Democrat -10.6 -0.7 -14.2 16.2 9.6 9 1.5
PCP-PEV (CDU) Communist -15.1 -24.2 -28.9 -19.6 -23.9 -21.8 -22.3
BE Communist -27.5 -20.2 -28.6 -28.7 -26.3

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

PPD/PSD - Social Democrats - (Partido Social Democrata)

Established in 1974 as the People's Democratic Party (Partido Popular Democrático); present name adopted in 1976.It's a centre-right party which aims to promote market economy, taking into account the welfare of the community. As such, it is the Portuguese equivalent of any other centre-right party in Europe such as the UK Conservatives, the Spanish PP, or the German CDU. PSD encourages European integration.

PS - Socialist Party - (Partido Socialista)

Founded in 1973 from the former Acção Socialista Portuguesa (Portuguese Socialist Action) under the leadership of Mário Soares. Advocates a society of greater social justice and co-operation between public, private and co-operative sectors, while respecting public liberties and the will of the majority attained through free elections.

CDS/PP - Democratic and Social Center/People's Party - (Partido do Centro Democrático e Social/Partido Popular)

The CDS was founded 1974 as Centro Democrático Social (CDS); it's present name was adopted in 1993. It's a centre-right party and member of the International Democrat Union. CDS-PP supports social market economy and reduction of public sector intervention in the economy.

PCP-PEV (CDU) - Portuguese Communist Party-Ecologist Party "The Greens" (Democratic Unity Coalition) - (Partido Comunista Português-Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes" (Coligação Democrática Unitária))

Political coalition between the Portuguese Communist Party (Partido Comunista Português - PCP) and the Ecologist Party "The Greens" (Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes" - PEV).

BE - Left Block - (Bloco de Esquerda)

BE is a far-left political party founded in 1999 from a merger of several left-wing parties. It adopts a wide range of left-wing policies, concentrating its efforts on the legalisation of abortion and light drugs. It portrays itself as a modern, progressive alternative to the Communist Party. In the last years the party lost some of its radical wordiness and proposals, slowly becoming a mainstream party.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Portugal). 2009. In Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved October 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/pt.dir.95

Electoral Studies (Elsevier), election reports on Portugal.

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Portugal.

Colomer, J.M. 2008. Spain and Portugal: Rule by Party Leadership. In J.M. Colomer, ed. Comparative European Politics. New York: Routledge, pp. 174-207.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/