Norway - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 93 97 01 Average
DNA Social Democratic -19.7 -18.1 -38.2 -25.3
FRP Special Issue/Conservative liberal 43.6 23.5 24 30.3
H Conservative 14.4 3.7 9.8 9.3
SV Communist/Socialist -32.4 -25.4 -44 -33.9
SP Agrarian -15.6 -10.6 -27.3 -17.8
KrF Christian Democratic 2 -4.6 -18.6 -7
V Liberal -7.3 -7.9 -15.5 -10.2
R Communist

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

DNA - Norwegian Labour Party - (Det Norske Arbeiderparti)

Founded in 1887. The ruling party from before World War II until the mid-1960s; advocates a moderate form of socialism, and has increasingly included market-liberal principles into the ideological profile. Since 1990, DNA has assumed government offices alone three times, and as the senior party in a government coalition once.

FRP - Progress Party - (Fremskrittspartiet)

FrP is a conservative liberal party established in 1973 as Anders Lange’s Party; present name was adopted in 1977. The party opts for strong reductions of taxes, charges, and government intervention. It favours privatization, the diminution of the welfare state and less immigration. In recent years the support base has grown substantially and in both the 2005 and 2009 elections, the party came second after the DNA.

H - Conservative Party (“Right”) - (Høyre)

Founded in 1884; the second oldest party in Norwegian politics. Høyre has traditionally been the major alternative to the DNA, and it aims to promote economic growth and sound state finances, achieve a property-owning democracy, and to uphold democratic government, social security, private property, private initiative and personal liberty. It accepts the welfare state and approves of the extensive transfers of income and of government control of the economy. In favour of Norwegian EU membership. Since 1990, Høyre has taken part in three different government coalitions.

SV - Socialist Left Party - (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)

Founded in 1975 by merger of the Socialist People’s Party, the Democratic Socialists and other socialist forces united previously in the Socialist Electoral League (established in 1973 largely as a result of the victory of the no-campaign for Norwegian EC membership). SV advocates non-alignment and socialism independent of international centres, based on workers’ control, decentralized powers, gender equality and ecological principles. Following the 2005 election, SV was for the first time represented in government.

SP - Centre Party - (Senterpartiet)

Founded in 1920 as Bondepartiet (Farmers' Party), name changed in 1959. SP advocates a decentralized society that will secure employment and diversified settlements in all parts of the country. It opposes Norwegian membership of the EU and encourages the development of an ecologically balanced society.

KrF - Christian People’s Party - (Kristelig Folkeparti)

KrF was established in 1933 in response to growing secularism. It is conservative on social issues and positions itself as a family-friendly party. It has participated in government coalitions three times since 1990 and has occupied the prime minister office twice under Mr. Kjell Magne Bondevik.

V - Liberal Party (“Left”) - (Venstre)

Founded in 1884 and is the oldest party in Noregian politics. In 1988 it was reunited with Det Liberale Folkepartiet (Liberal Democratic Party, formed 1972). It is a social-liberal, centrist party emphasizing individual freedom, social responsibility and environmental questions. Advocates the promotion of national and democratic progress on the basis of the present system by gradual economic, social and cultural reforms. In 2001-2005, it was part of the centre-right coalition government with H and KrF.

R - The Party Red - (Rødt)

The Party Red is a left-wing group founded in 2007 by merger of Rød Valgallianse (Red Electoral Alliance) and Arbeidernes Kommunistparti (Workers' Communist Party).

Sources:

Political Organizations (Norway), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved 16 December 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/no.dir.72.

Electoral Studies (Elsevier), election reports on Norway.

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Norway.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/