Netherlands

European Parliament Elections

Electoral system

The Netherlands elects 25 representatives to the European Parliament. The electoral system is based on proportional representation. The Netherlands comprises one electoral district. The Hare/d'Hondt formula is used and there is no legal threshold of representation. The party lists are closed but non-blocked. Hence, voters are provided with the opportunity of overruling the party ranking of candidates.

Latest elections

In the latest European Parliament elections, held on 4 June 2009, the two main parties in the Dutch government, the Christian Democrats (CDA) and the Labour Party (PvdA), suffered a marked decline in support (CDA lost 2 seats; PvdA lost 4). Geert Wilders' Party for Freedom (PVV), came second in the elections with 16.97 percent, winning 4 seats in the European Parliament in its first attempt. Observers said that the Muslim integration and anti-EU sentiment seemed to contribute to the Freedom Party's success - but that the message from voters is mixed because pro-European parties also did well. Turnout at the election was 36.75 percent, down from 39.26 in 2004.

Election results 2009, main parties, NUTS 2

Source

Stöver, Philip and Andreas M. Wüst. 2005. Electoral systems.

European Parliament: results by country.

BBC News: election results across Europe.

Databank verkiezingsuitslagen: http://www.verkiezingsuitslagen.nl/