Luxembourg - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 94 99 Average
CSV Christian Democrat -17.6 -10.8 -14.2
LSAP Social Democratic -20.3 -20.9 -20.6
DP Liberal 15.2 1.2 8.2
Gréng Ecologist -21.8 -4.9 -13.3
ADR Special Issue -7.8 2 -3
Lénk Communist
KPL Communist
Biergerlëscht Right-wing, populist

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

CSV - Christian Social People's Party - (Parti Chrétien Social/Chrëschtlech-Sozial Vollekspartei)

Founded 1914. It's a Christian Democratic/Conservative party, which advocates political stability, sustained economic expansion and ecological and social progress. CSV is the largest political party in Luxembourg. The party is currently led by Jean-Claude Juncker, which also is the incumbent Prime Minister. Since the Second World War, every prime minister of Luxembourg has been a member of the CSV, with only one exception (Gaston Thorn, 1975-1979).

LSAP - The Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party - (Letzeburger Socialistesch Arbeiterpartei)

Social-democratic party founded in 1902, currently the second biggest party in Luxembourg. Traditionally attracted workers, mainly from the industrial south of the country. Advocates a mixed economy.

DP - Democratic Party - (Parti Démocratique/Demokratesch Partei)

A liberal party formed in 1945. The party is traditionally supported by the upper middle class, business owners and farmers.

Gréng - The Greens - (Déi Gréng)

Founded 1983, as Déi Gréng Alternativ (Green Alternative Party). Merged with the Gréng Lëscht Ekologesch Initiativ (Green List Ecological Initiative) in 1995. The party advocates ‘grass-roots’ democracy, environmental protection, social concern and increased aid to developing countries.

ADR - Alternative Democratic Reform Party - (Alternativ Demokratesch Reformpartei)

A conservative party founded in 1987 as Aktiounskomitee 5/6 Pensioun fir jiddfereen (Action Committee 5/6 Pensions for Everyone). Name changed to Aktiounskomitee fir Demokratie a Rentegerechtegkeet (Action Committee for Democracy and Pensions Justice) in 1994, and it's present name was adopted in 2006. Initially established to campaign for improved pension rights for private sector employees, but subsequently sought to broaden its concerns.

Lénk - The Left - (Déi Lénk)

The Left is a socialist political party formed in 1999 as an alliance of the Communist Party of Luxembourg, the New Left and the Revolutionary Socialist Party.

KPL - Communist Party of Luxembourg - (Kommunistesch Partei Letzebuerg)

Formed in 1921 by a faction of the LSAP which wanted membership in the Komitern. KPL members ran on the Left (Lénk) lists in the 1999 and 2000 elections and no separate KPL lists existed. Separate KPL lists were re-established in the 2004 elections.

Biergerlëscht - Citizens' List - (Biergerlëscht)

A right-wing, populist party, supporting increased pension rights.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Luxembourg), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved 16 December 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/lu.dir.55

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Luxembourg.

Keman, H. 2008. The Low Countries: Confrontation and Coalition in Segmented Societies. In J.M. Colomer, ed. Comparative European Politics. New York: Routledge, pp. 208-246.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/