Lithuania - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 92 96 00 Average
TS-LKD Conservative 16.9 7.6 12.3
TPP Conservative (Centre-right)
TT Conservative
LSDP Social Democratic 1 -9.3 -9.1 -5.8
DP -
LRLS Liberal (Centre-right)
LCS Liberal 6.7 1.7 -8.6 -0.1
LLRA Ethnic-Regional -1.1 -1.6 -1.3
LVLS Agrarian
NS Centre-left -5.4 -5.4

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

TS-LKD - Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats - (Tėvynės sąjunga - Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai)

Founded in 1993 as the Conservative Party of Lithuania (Homeland Union - TS). Absorbed the Lithuanian Rightist Union in 2003; merged with the Lithuanian Union of Political Prisoners and Deportees in 2004; merged with the Lithuanian Christian Democrats (LKD) in May 2008, and name changed to TS-LKD.

TPP - National Resurrection Party - (Tautos prisikėlimo partija)

A centre-right party founded in 2008. In the parliamentary election the same year the party won a total of 16 seats and currently participates in the governing coalition, along with Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD) and Liberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS).

TT - Order and Justice - (Tvarka ir teisingumas)

Formerly the Liberal Democratic Party (Liberalų Demokratų Partija, LDP. LDP was formed by Rolandas Paksas and his supporters in 2002, and the party was initially based on strong criticism of existing parties rather than on a fixed ideological basis. Renamed as TT in 2006.

LSDP - Social Democratic Party of Lithuania - (Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija)

The Social Democratic Party of Lithuania was formed from the merger of the LDDP and and the Lithuanian Social-Democratic Party (LSDP). LSDP was part of the 'Brazauskas' Social Democratic Coalition in 2000.

DP - The Labour Party - (Darbo Partija)

Founded in 2003 by the Russian-born millionaire Viktor Uspaskich. At the legislative elections of 2008 the party entered into a coalition with the Youth party.

LRLS - Liberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania - (Lietuvos Respublikos Liberalų sąjūdis)

Founded 2006, formed by a splinter group of the Liberal and Centre Union (LCS). In the legislative elections of 2008, the first elections LRLS participated in, it won 11 seats in the Seimas and is currently participating in a the governing coalition.

LCS - Liberal and Centre Union - (Liberalų ir centro sąjunga)

A liberal party formed in 2003 by a merger of the Liberal Union of Lithuania, the Centre Union of Lithuania and the Modern Christian-Democratic Union. In the above table, note that the CMP scores are for the former Centre Union of Lithuania only.

LLRA - Polish Electoral Action - (Lietuvos Lenku Rinkimu Akcija)

Party which seeks to represent the Polish minority. LLRA was founded in 1994 by Poles of the Vilnius region.

LVLS - Lithuanian Peasant Popular Union - (Lietuvos valstiečių liaudininkų sąjunga)

Previously known as VNDS (Founded 2001 by the merger of the New Democracy Party and the Lithuanian Peasants’ (Farmers’) Party. Present name adopted in 2006.

NS - New Union - Social liberals - (Naujoji sąjunga (socialliberalai))

A social liberal party founded in 1998.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Lithuania), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved 15 December 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/lt.dir.143

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Lithuania.

Rose, R. and Munroe, N. 2009. Parties and Elections in New European Democracies. Colchester: ECPR Press.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/