Latvia - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 93 95 98 02 Average
SC Social Democratic -19.6 -17.6 1.6 -11.9
ZRP
Vienotiba Conservative
NA
ZZS Agrarian/Ecologist -7 -7
LPP/LC Christian Democratic 15.7 28.6 4.4 -1.6 11.8

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

SC - The Harmony Centre - (Saskaņas Centrs)

Founded 2005 as electoral alliance of the National Harmony Party, Latvian Socialist Party (LSP), New Centre, Social Democratic Party and Daugavpils City Party; officially merged December 2006 (excluding. LSP, which remained affilate member).

ZRP - Zatlers Reform Party - (Zatlera Reformu partija)

A centre-right party founded 2011 by former President Valdis Zatlers.

Vienotiba - Unity Party - (Vienotiba)

Party alliance founded in March 2010, consiting of New Era Party (Jaunais Laiks - JL), Civic Union (Pilsoniskā savienība - PS) and Society for Other Politics (Sabiedrība citai politikai - SCP). Founded in a bid to form a counterweight to the left-wing Harmony Centre alliance.

NA - National Alliance - (Nacionala Apvieniba)

Party alliance founden in 2010 by For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK (Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK - TB/LNNK) and All For Latvia! (Visu Latvijai! - VL). TB/LNNK was Established in 1993 on the basis of the radical parts of the Popular Front of Latvia which led the country to independence in 1991. In 1997 it merged with Latvian National Independence Movement (Latvijas Nacionālās Neatkarības Kustība, LNNK ). The party took part in government between 1997 and 2004 and held the prime minister post in the period 1997-1998. The TB/LNNK can be defined as a nationalist, populist party and it has advocated stricter laws on Latvian citizenship. In the above table, note that the CMP scores for 1993-1995 are for the TB only.

ZZS - Union of Greens and Farmers - (Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība)

Political alliance comprising the Latvian Farmers' Union (LZS) and the Green Party of Latvia (LZP) established prior to the 2002 parliamentary election. The alliance is based on a common support for traditional small farms and perceive them as more environmentally friendly than large-scale farming. For a shorter period in 2004, the LZP's founder Indulis Emsis served as prime minister.

LPP/LC - Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way - (Latvijas Pirmā partija/atvijas Ceļš)

Coalition of LPP and LC. LPP was founded in 2002 as an association of several broadly based Christian organizations. The party is conservative on social issues, but more Russian-friendly than many other Latvian parties. LC is a liberal party founded in 1993 by a group of former activists of Latvian Popular Front and Latvian exiles which had returned to Latvia after it regained independence. In the above table, note that the CMP scores for 1993-1998 are for the LC only.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Latvia), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved 14 December 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/lv.dir.91

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Latvia.

Rose, R. and Munroe, N. 2009. Parties and Elections in New European Democracies. Colchester: ECPR Press.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/