Hungary

Parliamentary Elections

Electoral system

Latest elections

Date of election: 11 and 25 April 2010

Main issues: The election campaign was influenced by the high unemployment rate - nearly 11 per cent in March 2010. The MSZP (in the ruling coalition with SZDSZ) was further damaged by a series of corruption scandals involving its members and officials. Consequently, the opposing FIDESZ-KDNP campaigned under the slogan "The time has come!" ("Itt az ido!). It promised to create 1 million jobs over 10 years, boost lending, support small business and cut taxes. Other major contenders included the Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik), a right wing party, and Politics Can Be Different (LMP), a green-liberal party founded in February 2009.

The Jobbik's (right-wing party founded in 2003; it won nearly 15 per cent of the votes in the European Parliament elections in June 2009) participation in the 2010 elections caused much controversy. Jobbik used anti-Roma and anti-Semitic rhetoric, and party leader Gabor Vona argued that "Hungary belongs to the Hungarians". Both the FIDESZ-KDNP and MSZP refused the possibility to enter a coalition with Jobbik.

Outcome:A total of 265 out of 386 members were elected in the first round. The FIDESZ-KDNP won a resounding victory, winning 206 of the 265 confirmed seats in the first round. It swept all 119 seats elected from the single-member constituencies. The MSZP came in a distant second, winning only 28 seats. The Jobbik came in third with 26 seats, entering parliament for the first time. The LMP won five seats. The MDF failed to surpass the five-per-cent threshold.

In the second round held on 25 April, the FIDESZ-KDNP won an additional 57 seats, thus controlling 263 in the 386-member National Assembly. The MSZP and the Jobbik won a total of 59 and 47 seats respectively. The LMP followed with 16 seats while one independent candidate took the remainder. Fidesz leader Viktor Orban became the new prime minister, a position he held from 1998-2002.

Jobbik, % of votes. NUTS 3. First round; list votes

Sources

Inter-Parliamentary Union, PARLINE database on national parliaments

Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA): country descriptions.

National Election Commission: Election results.

ElectionGuide: http://www.electionguide.org/