Greece - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 90 93 96 00 Average
PASOK Social Democratic -29.7 -18.8 -13.8 -17.2 -19.9
ND Christian Democratic 30 35.4 -11.2 -5 12.3
KKE Communist 1.9 -11 -34.2 -14.4
LA.O.S Nationalist
SYRIZA Communist/ecologist
OIK.PRAS. Ecologist

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

PASOK - Panhellenic Socialist Movement - (Panellinio Sosialistiko Kinima)

Social democratic party established in 1974 following the restitution of Greek democracy after the fall of Greece's military dictatorship of 1967-1974. Its founder was Andreas Papandreou, son of the late Greek centrist leader George Papandreou. Originally a radical Marxist-inspired party that called for the dissolution of the country's military alliances and for tighter government regulation of the economy, but since its founding it has transformed into a mainstream social democratic party. When ND prime minister Kostas Karamanlis called for snap elections in October 2009, PASOK swept into power, claiming 160 of the Greek parliament's 300 seats, and party leader Papandreou became the third member of his family to hold the office of prime minister.

ND - New Democracy - (Nea Dhimokratia)

Founded in 1974 by Konstantinos Karamanlis, who oversaw the country's transition from military dictatorship to democracy. It generally supports greater economic liberalization, including privatization and lower taxes, and is a strong supporter of European integration. ND was the main opposition party throughout the 1980s and 1990s. ND Returned to office after the 2004 parliamentary election and managed to continue so following the 2007 elections. In an attempt attempt to expand on this majority, Karamanlis called for snap elections in October 2009. A weak economy and party infighting contributed to New Democracy's worst electoral showing in history, and Karamanlis promptly resigned as party leader.

KKE - Communist Party of Greece - (Kommunistiko Komma Elladas)

The party was founded in 1918 as the Socialist Labour Party of Greece (Sosialistiko Ergatiko Komma Elladas , SEKE). After the subsequent Greek civil war (1946-1949), in which the communists were defeated by government military forces, KKE was declared illegal. In 1974, KKE was legalized as democracy was restored. The party has a history of frequent splits.

LA.O.S - Popular Orthodox Rally - (Laïkós Orthódoxos Synagermós)

Founded in 2000 by a former ND parliamentary representative. The LAOS is a nationalist party that emphasizes the identification of Hellenism with the Greek Orthodox religion. It opposes immigration and multiculturalism. It is against the cession of sovereignty to the EU and supports a confederal United Europe of the Nations.

SYRIZA - The Coalition of the Radical Left - (Synaspismós Rizospastikī́s Aristerás)

SYRIZA is an electoral alliance of left political parties which was formally launched before the legislative election of 2004. The coalition originally included Synaspismos (SYN), Renewing Communist Ecological Left (AKOA), Internationalist Workers Left (DEA), Movement for the United in Action Left (KEDA), Active Citizens, and several independent left activists.

OIK.PRAS. - Ecologist Greens - (Oikologoi Prasinoi)

Party founded in December 2002 on the basis of aims such as respect for diversity, sustainability and social justice, protection and re-establishment of natural ecosystems.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Greece). 2009. In Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved October 2009.

Greece. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 2010, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Electoral Studies (Elsevier), election reports on Greece.

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Greece.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/