Denmark - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 90 94 98 01 05 07 Average
V Liberal 10.1 54.1 28.6 36.2 -1.6 -6.9 20.1
SD Social Democratic -35.5 -7.4 5 -13.4 -37.1 -8.6 -16.1
DF Conservative 8.2 35 38.6 14.9 24.2
SF Communist -15.3 -27.1 -38.8 -33.8 -40 -37.1 -32
K Conservative 10.1 15.9 19.1 20.4 13.3 -17.4 10.2
RV Liberal -26.8 -7.8 -7 -3.8 0 -9.6 -9.2
NA Liberal -12.5 -12.5
EL Communist -25.3 -32.5 -10.7 -43.1 -33 -28.9

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

V - The Liberal Party - (Venstre)

Established in 1870 as the the United Left (Det Forenede Venstre). From 1895-1910 it was known as the Left Reform Party (Venstrereformpartiet) following which it was known by its present name. The party was traditionally protecting land interests, but evolved towards a classical liberal party after the 1960s.

SD - The Social Democrats - (Socialdemokraterne)

Established in 1871. Traditionally the strongest party in Danish politics. Advocates democratic socialism.

DF - Danish People’s Party - (Dansk Folkeparti)

Established as a splinter party of the FRP in 1995. Populist right-wing party opposing immigration and Denmark’s membership in the EU.

SF - Socialist People’s Party - (Socialistisk Folkeparti)

Founded in 1959 by Aksel Larsen who had been expelled from the Communist Party. SF’s ideological profile is popular socialism, thus inspired by Eurocommunism.

K - The Conservative Peoples Party - (Det Konservative Folkeparti)

Established in 1915 based on the former party “the Right” (Højre ). A traditional conservative party.

RV - The Radical Liberal Party - (Det Radikale Venstre)

Social liberal party founded in 1905 as a splinter party from the Left Reform Party (Venstrereformpartiet ). RV is situated in the centre of the left-right political scale.

NA - New Alliance - (Ny Alliance)

Political party founded in May 2007 by two former members of the Danish Social Liberal Party, and one former member of the Conservative People's Party, the latter later defected over "political differences". The party initially struggled to display a clear common political platform but presented itself as a centre party. In 2008 it changed it's name to Liberal Alliance.

EL - Red-Green Alliance (Unity List) - (Enhedslisten de Rød-Grønne)

Founded as an electoral alliance of the Left Socialists, the Communist Party of Denmark, and Socialist Workers Party in 1989 and developed later into an independent party. The Red-Green Alliance emphasizes ecology and socialism and is the left-most party in parliament.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Denmark). 2009. In Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved October 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/dk.dir.62

Electoral Studies (Elsevier), election reports on Denmark.

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Denmark.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/