Croatia - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 90 92 95 00 03 07 Average
SPD Communist (orig.)/Social Democratic -5.2 3 -7.2 -14.6 -9.3 -6.6
HDZ Nationalist/Christian Democratic/Conservative 3.4 25.8 47.4 -13.4 5.6 13.7
HL-SR
HSLS
HSP Nationalist 37.3 14 -8.6 57.3 25
HSS
BUZ
HSP STARCEVIC

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

SPD - Social Democratic Party of Croatia - (Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske)

SPD was founded in 1990, emerging from the social democratic wing of the former Communist League of Croatia. In 1994 the SDP and the Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDH - founded in 1989) merged, thus creating a political platform of the political left, based on social-democratic traditions. SDP is the largest leftist party in Croatia. The policies of the SDP are directed toward the protection of the interests of the labour force of medium and low purchase power, as well as the interests of all social groups that, due to their minority character, need special care and protection.

HDZ - Croatian Democratic Union - (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica)

Christian democratic party founded in 1989. Both in membership and structure, the HDZ is the largest party in Croatia. In all elections to date it has gained a majority in the parliament, as well as in regional and local bodies of authority. Its manifesto is founded on Christian values and ethics.

HL-SR - Croatian Labourists – Labour Party - (Hrvatski laburisti - Stranka rada)

Founded in 2010 by a former HNS representative.

HSLS - Croatian Social Liberal Party - (Hrvatska socïjalno-liberalna stranka)

HSLS is a liberal party founded in 1989, under the name Croatian Social Liberal Alliance. After the elections in 2000, HSLS in coalition with SDP and four other parties won the elections and formed a new government. After the 2003 elections HSLS partnered up and formed coalition government with the HDZ. Merged with LS in 2006.

HSP - Croatian Party of Rights - (Hrvatska stranka prava)

Founded in 1990 as a revival of political group originally founded in 1861. Extreme right-wing nationalist, focusing on "the historic right of the Croatian people to self-determination". Supports Croatia's "national and state sovereignty on its entire historic and ethnic territory, without which the centuries' old aspirations of the Croatian people cannot be achieved".

HSS - Croatian Peasants’ Party - (Hrvatska seljačka stranka)

HSS was founded in 1989, as a successor to the Republican Peasant Party (f. in 1919). Oriented towards the building of a Croatia based on principles of humanity, democracy, peace, rule of law, social justice and the protection of the environment, based on regional/local- and family economy.

BUZ - Bloc Pensioners Together - (Blok umirovljenici zajedno)

Coalition of PGS (Primorsko-goranski savez) and HRS (Croatian Labour Party (Croatian/Hrvatska radnička stranka).

HSP STARCEVIC - Croatian Party of Rights dr. Ante Starčević - (Hrvatska stranka prava dr. Ante Starčević)

Founded in 2009 as splinter group from the Croatian Party of Rights.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Croatia). 2012. In Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved March 2012 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/hr.dir.110

Croatian Information Documentation Referral Agency – HIDRA: Political parties in Croatia, retrieved May 2011.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/