Bulgaria - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 90 91 94 97 01 05 09 Average
GERB Christian Democrat 13.7 13.7
KzB Social Democratic 18.3 1.8 -2.6 21.9 2.8 -22.8 5.1 3.5
DPS Special Issue 19.6 -4.7 8 8 8 -1.7 17.5 7.8
ATAKA Nationalist 10.5 5.3 7.9
Sinyata Christian Democrat 22 14.6 23.6 21.8 13.5 13.1 14.9 17.7
RZS Conservative 47.4 47.4

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea, et.al., 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

GERB - Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria - (Grazhdani za evropeysko razvitie na Balgariya)

GERB is a centrist-populist formation created in 2006 under the informal leadership of the charismatic mayor of Sofia, Boiko Borissov. It stood on an anti-corruption platform for prosperity, higher personal incomes, VAT reduction and the introduction of a flat rate tax. GERB currently declares itself to be a centre-right party and aims to present the Bulgarian people with a 'new rightist treaty' based on three 'fundamental' values: 'economic freedom,' 'competition in an environment of clear responsibilities and rules' and 'minimum state participation'.

KzB - Coalition for Bulgaria - (Koalicija za Balgarija)

KB is is a center-left alliance in Bulgaria, led by the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP). BSP is the successor of the Bulgarian Communist Party, following its decision to abandon Marxist-Leninism in 1990. The party now advocates traditional social-democratic policies. Other members of the coalition are: Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats (Partija Balgarski Socialdemokrati), Communist Party of Bulgaria (Komunisticeska Partija na Balgarija), Agrarian Union "Aleksandar Stamboliyski" (Zemedelski Sajuz "Aleksander Stambolijski"), Movement for Social Humanism (Dviženie za Socialen Humanizum), Roma Party (Partija Roma) and New Zora (Nova Zora)..

DPS - Movement for Rights and Freedoms - (Dvizhenie za prava i svobodi)

Founded 1990 to represent interests of Muslim minority in Bulgaria; advocates the rights of the Turkish minority when it comes to citizenship, education and social integration. Contested 1997 election in alliance with Green Party, BZNS-Nikola Petkov and the Kingdom of Bulgaria Confederation. In 2001 contested in alliance with Liberal Union and Euroroma.

ATAKA - National Union Attack - (Nacionalen Sayuz Ataka)

Founded only two months before the 2005 election by the National Movement for the Salvation of the Fatherland, the Bulgarian National Patriotic Party and the Union of Patriotic Forces, and Militaries of the Reserve Defense. ATAKA is considered a classic anti-system party, advocating a variety of nationalist, anti-foreigner, and anti-establishment views. In 2005 the party campaigned on issues of national pride, preserving the ‘Bulgarian’ nature of the country, the centrality of orthodoxy, and the need to re-evaluate the privatization deals for several ‘nationally important’ enterprises.

Sinyata - The Blue Coalition - (Sinyata koalitsia)

A political coalition founded in early 2009 by the following center-right parties: Union of the Democratic Forces (SDS), Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria (DSB), United Agrarians (OZ), Bulgarian Social Democratic Party and Radical Democratic Party in Bulgaria. The leading party in the coalition is the SDS, which was founded in 1989 as a union of several political parties that sought to overthrow the communist regime. In 1997, it was transformed into a unified political party under the leadership of Ivan Kostov. It's a pro-market party which supported the integration of Bulgaria into the EU.

RZS - Order, Lawfulness, Justice - (Red, zakonnost i spravedlivost)

A conservative party founded in 2005.

Sources:

Political Organizations (Bulgaria). 2009. In Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved October 2009 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/bg.dir.111

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Bulgaria.

Ganev, V.I. 2004. History, Politics, and the Constitution: Ethnic Conflict and Constitutional Adjudication in Postcommunist Bulgaria. Slavic Review, Vol. 63(1), 66-89.

Rose, R. and Munroe, N. 2009. Parties and Elections in New European Democracies. Colchester: ECPR Press.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB): http://manifesto-project.wzb.eu/